Benzodiazepine class of medications is used to treat medical conditions such as anxiety disorder, seizures disorder, and alcohol withdrawals. It works in some areas of the central nervous system and blocks the excessive activity of nerves in the brain to provide a calming effect.
Benzodiazepine are also known as tranquilizers medication. Benzodiazepine is a class of drugs that treat anxiety, insomnia, and seizures. Soma Familiar name of Benzodiazepines class medication includes valium (Diazepam), Xanax (Alprazolam), and Klonopin (Clonazepam). According to the research, 50% of the medical professional recommends Benzodiazepines medication in USA.
Benzodiazepine drugs will be helpful for the patient or their caretaker if they will use the medication by consulting the doctor and using it according to the prescription.
On the below page, we will discuss the uses, dosage, interaction, warning, and side effects of benzodiazepine.
What is Benzodiazepine?
Benzodiazepine is a large class of drugs, medicines that comes under this class are similar in how they work on the brain to treat anxiety or other related medical conditions. But the way of using all these medications is different and the duration of action is also different.
Doctors prescribe different benzodiazepine medication according to the disease, intensity, medical conditions, & other related things. Some of them are shown below.
- Anxiety Disorder
- Social Anxiety Disorders
- Alcohol withdrawal
- Panic Disorder
- Seizure control
- Muscle relaxation
Medications that come under benzodiazepines should be used after consulting the medical professional. Also, if you are using benzodiazepines and after few months you stop taking it then it may associate with the withdrawal symptoms such as loss of self-growth, agitation, and insomnia in some cases.
Different Types of Benzodiazepine
These are some of the most commonly used benzodiazepines. They are different in terms of potency.
· Alprazolam (Xanax)
When you need anxiety medication or panic disorder medication, most probably doctors prescribe alprazolam (Xanax) which acts on the brain and whole nervous system to provide a calming effect.
· Diazepam (Valium)
(Diazepam) valium medication is used to treat the symptoms of anxiety and seizures. Doctors prescribe valium to treat alcohol withdrawals and sometimes used it as sedation before medical procedures.
· Clonazepam (Klonopin)
Clonazepam (Klonopin medication) is also one of the best medications to control seizures and panic attacks. Klonopin is also known as an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drug as it works by calming your brain and nerves.
· Lorazepam (Ativan)
Ativan (Lorazepam) is used to treat the symptoms of anxiety and works by enhancing the effects of certain chemicals present in the body (GABA).
All the benzodiazepines are known by their generic names or their trade names. The main difference between the benzodiazepine medications is the time duration of the activation of the drug after going into the body. Some of them work instantly and some work taking little time.
Medications that work instantly have a short life, which means the drug works quickly and leaves the body quickly too.
What are the Side Effects of Benzodiazepine?
Every different medication that comes under the benzodiazepines class may cause side effects. Not every type of body reacts the same, different types of the body have different medical conditions. So, every person may experience a different type of side effects.
The most common side effects of Benzodiazepine
- Unsteadiness (it is mostly seen in old age persons)
- Slurred speech
- Dry mouth
- Problem with memory
- Weakness in muscles
- Sick feeling
- Blurred vision
There are some less common side effects also that includes-
- Low blood pressure
- Saliva production
- Disturbance in the digestive system
- Double vision
- Shaking or tremors
- Change in sexual desires
- Loss of bladder control
- Severe headaches
- Problem in urinating
Withdrawal Symptoms of Benzodiazepine
These types of benzodiazepine medication have the risk of withdrawal symptoms because the patient’s body gets less time to adapt to working without the drug present in the medications.
Long-acting medications work for longer as compare to short-acting medications. The drugs present in the medication processed by the patient’s body very slow and take a longer time to leave.
These types of benzodiazepines have very low chances to have withdrawal symptoms. But the patient may experience a mild hangover.
What if you Overdose Benzodiazepine?
If you overdose the benzodiazepine, you may lead to some serious situation that may discomfort you badly such as-
- Decrease of breathing rate
- Problem in thinking or get confused
- Slurred speech
- Muscle control
These situations can go fatal if the patient takes this drug and use alcohol or opioids with it. Patients of older age who take too many drugs may also experience the side effects mentioned above. Anyone who experiences an overdose situation may suggest contacting the medical helpline number or visiting the nearest medical support.
Drug Interaction with the benzodiazepine
Hopefully, you get this thing clear that benzodiazepine medications should only be used after the doctor’s consultation and on prescription. Before starting the medication you must tell your doctor about the medication you are using at present or used in the past. It is possible that benzodiazepine may interact with your other drug or medication and it will harm you or it may reduce the effect of medication.
As mentioned above, benzodiazepine should not be used with alcohol or opioids. This may lead you to life-threatening effects.
Misuse of benzodiazepine
Some people use benzodiazepine class of drugs without prescription, which can be very dangerous for anyone. Without the supervision of medical professionals and they’re prescribed, benzodiazepines may cause harmful effects.
We can say misuse to a situation where you are using this medication with the prescription but you didn’t tell your doctor about the medication or supplements you are using.
You can avoid potentially life-threatening effects by doing these simple things-
- Use benzodiazepines only on prescription.
- Tell your doctor about the medications/drugs or supplements you are using before starting the medication.
- Follow the doctor’s instructions properly.
- Do not use the drug for longer than prescribed by the doctor
- Do not change the dosage without consulting the doctor
These are some of the things you can do while using benzodiazepines. It will help you in avoiding the major side effects and you will get great results.
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